Meteorologic conditions in India

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Meteorologic conditions in India

by rootmaster December 3, 2019

Climate of India

Geographical position

The main part of the territory of India ( *india evisa) is within the sub equatorial zone. The main characteristic of this region is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings rains to India. They heighten at the begining of June on the west coast and in mid-June on the eastern coastline. When moving over the Arabian Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move around in a northwest way.



photo india evisa

Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rain. Thunder or wind storms fall on the slopes of the mountains in June. However later they calm down, and through the period from late September to mid-October rain falls normally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the weather chilly and sun-drenched.


Climatic seasons

Based upon data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can separate the calendar year in 3 major weather seasons.

In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature slowly increases.The dry season can last from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity increases. And also the climate of Indian plains becomes rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon time. It is a period of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation through the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.


Contrast climate

There are actually differences in temperature and also weather in several areas of India. The nation covers a large area, and every region has another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall a year. It is among the wettest spots on Earth.

The monsoon climate is characteristic of the shoreline of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is fewer rain. The hottest time is from May to June. However even high temperatures are tolerated quite easily because the air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not exceed 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June begins with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. During most days of the month, it rains frequently and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather minimizes the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountain tops of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year continues from June to August: the standard minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the general maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the weather of India varies greatly based on the area, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan climate to other parts of India. These mountains are really high and also have a unique weather.

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